This is a very rewarding plant with sweetly scented, white, waxy
flowers displayed against glossy, dark green foliage. Consider it
a 'must-have' in every garden.
This is a large, scrambling, mostly evergreen plant that makes a
fine show in the garden. If encouraged, it will climb up to 3 m,
although not very strongly, and is best used as a shrub of up to
1.5 m high. It is medium to fast growing.
green, rather shiny leaves form an attractive background to the
star-shaped, fragrant flowers. Closed flower buds are pink or red
tinted. The corolla lobes of the large, single flowers are pure
white when open, and the corolla tubes are coloured pink/maroon.
The relatively large (40 mm across) flowers are borne in profusion
from early spring to summer, August to January. They have a delicate
perfume during the day that becomes markedly stronger in the evening
and at night.
The fruit consists of twin berries, although sometimes only one
develops, they are shiny green until fully grown and then turn to
a shiny, bluish black colour. There is usually one quite large seed
in each berry and the dark, plum-coloured flesh is very juicy.
This species has a wide distribution in South Africa, occurring
from Eastern Cape, throughout the warmer, drier parts of KwaZulu-Natal,
Swaziland and in the bushveld areas of the northern provinces, in
northern Mpumalanga and Gauteng.
It may be found growing naturally on rocky slopes, in woodland and
in bushy scrub.
The plant is able to withstand some frost but in colder areas it
will need a protected corner, generally it does best in regions
that have milder winters. Once established, it is fairly drought
tolerant although it will require some additional watering during
extended dry spells.
Derivation of name and historical aspects
Jasminum is the Latinized form of the Persian name, yasmin.
And multipartitum is Latin meaning 'with many parts or compartments'.
Oleaceae, the olive or jasmine family is represented by about 20
genera and about 448 species of trees, shrubs and climbers in the
tropical and temperate regions of the world.
World-wide, the genus Jasminum has 200 species of trailing,
climbing or erect shrubs occurring mainly in eastern and southern
Asia, Malaysia, Australia, Africa and southern Europe, with both
evergreen and deciduous species, some preferring full sun, others
shade and flower colour ranges from yellow or white to pink. Not
all jasmines are scented, though their scent is their biggest attraction
and the reason why they are such a popular group of plants.
Jasmines are difficult to distinguish from each other because the
flowers are so very similar but the upper surface of the flower
is always white in the South African species. There are 10 jasmines
indigenous to South Africa, many of which rival the exotic species
for showiness and ease of cultivation, but most of our native species
are neglected horticulturally. Others worthy of mention are Jasminum
angulare, J. glaucum, J. breviflorum and J. streptopus.
The flowers attract insects to the garden, and therefore insectivorous
Fruits are eaten by birds, and by people in times of famine. Plants
are browsed by game. Larvae of the Cambridge Vagrant Butterfly,
the Variable Prince Moth, Oleander Hawk Moth, Death's Head Hawk
Moth, and King Monkey Moth feed on Jasminum species. Hawk
moths pollinate the flowers.
Uses and cultural aspects
Used traditionally as a love charm and to make a herbal tea, fragrance
baths and pot-pourri, the genus is important for its horticultural
value as lovely well-known ornamentals and popular garden plants.
Sprigs of this jasmine are delightful in flower arrangements as
the buds will still open after they are picked and their scent pervades
the house.The well-known perfume associated with jasmine is extracted
from a species native to Iran, Jasminum officinale.
Growing Jasminum multipartitum
Delightful as a shrub, or as a climber trained onto a trellis or
fence, or even shaped into a hedge or screen, this species of jasmine
is also an extremely successful container plant, and is attractive
even without flowers.
it will tolerate full sun, Jasminum multipartitum prefers
a partially shaded position- a well-drained, shaded corner of the
garden is ideal. It succeeds in a variety of soils, but likes plenty
of well-rooted organic material to be added regularly.
Excessive water can sometimes cause the plants to die off. Pruning
to shape or to curb excessive growth is best done after flowering.
It is easy to propagate from semi-hardwood cuttings made in spring
and summer when plants are actively growing. Cuttings do best placed
under mist with bottom heat and rooting is improved if hormones
are used. Propagation by layering runners/suckers from the plant
is also successful, as is sowing seed.
- Botha, C. & Botha, J. 2000. Bring Nature back to your
garden. Wildlife & Environment Society of SA, Cape Town.
- Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. 1997. Wild flowers of northern
South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg, Cape Town.
- Jeppe, B. 1975. Natal wild flowers. Purnell, Cape Town.
- Joffe, P. 2001. Creative gardening with indigenous plant.
Briza Publications, Pretoria.
- Pooley, E. 1998. A field guide to wild flowers of KwaZulu-Natal
and the eastern region. Natal Publications Trust, Durban.
- Saunders, R. 1990. South African jasmines for the garden. Veld
& Flora 76: 90-91.
- Van der Spuy, U. 1976. Gardening with climbers. Protea