© G Nichols
This is a must for every South African to have, not only for its
medicinal uses, but also for its bright yellow flowers in late spring.
As with a lot of grassland plants, H. colchicifolia has a
large underground tuber that allows it to survive the regular grass
fires common to this vegetation type. These slow-growing plants
are solitary, up to 600 mm in height, with erect leaves that grow
in three ranks. Its interesting growth form makes it an attractive
plant in a rockery or herbaceous border. The inflorescence is an
auxiliary raceme with star-shaped, yellow flowers.
It is widespread in southern Africa and occurs in almost all the
provinces except the Northern Cape. It is found on sandy or poor
soils in grassland.
Tubers are used for impotency and barrenness. Infusions are also
taken as love charm emetics and are administered for hysterical
Recently it has been quoted as good for people who are HIV positive.
I have personally seen people boiling it in order to drink the decoction
for the treatment of acne.
Growing Hypoxis colchicifolia
This plant is useful as an accent plant in gardens where a less
formal approach to landscaping has been adopted. It is particularly
useful in gardens where use is made of our local grasses as it adds
an interesting contrast to the fine grass leaves.
It is easily grown from seed harvested soon after flowering. The
shiny, small black seed should be sown in a well-drained mixture
(milled, composted pine bark has proved suitable) and kept moist
in a well-ventilated place until germination takes place (3 - 8
weeks). At the 2-leaved stage the seedlings can be potted into pots
and allowed to develop for a season before planting out. A regular
application of liquid fertilizer will help develop strong plants.
- HUTCHINGS, A. 1996. Zulu medicinal plants: an inventory.
University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.
- LEISTNER, O.A. (ed.) 2000. Seed plants of southern Africa: families
and genera. Strelitzia 10. National Botanical Institute,
- POOLEY, E. 1998. A field guide to wildflowers of KwaZulu-Natal
and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.
S. Nonjinge and B.B.Tarr
Natal National Botanical Garden