Dermatobotrys saundersii is unusual in that it is an"epiphytic"
shrublet, which grows in the forks of a variety of trees, and occasionally
on the forest floor. It can reach one metre in height. The leaves
are soft and fleshy with shallow toothed margins and reddish veins.
Under natural conditions the plant is deciduous, losing its leaves
in late autumn. The tubular deep red flowers appear from June to
December (mid-winter to mid-summer), followed by smooth oval brownish
fruit filled with numerous small seeds in a sweetish pulp.
This plant is found in coastal scarp forests from southern Zululand
to the Transkei and in Madagascar. It is very rare with a high habitat
The name Dermatobotrysis derived from the Latin "derma"
or "skin", and "botrys" or "bunch of grapes".
Although the plant was first collected by W.T.Gerrard in the mid-19th
century, the specific name comes from Sir Charles James Renault
Saunders who collected the plant in Zululand, as apparently Harry
Bolus, who described the plant, was unaware of the earlier collections.
The genus Dermatobotrys has only one species.
Seeds sent to Kew in the 1890's germinated well and plants have
been grown in cultivation ever since.
It is likely that this plant with its red tubular flowers is pollinated
by sunbirds. The fruit has a most unusual scent, which may attract
fruit eating birds and small arboreal mammals which eat the fruit
and distribute the seed.
Growing Dermatobotrys saundersii
These attractive plants are easily grown from seed or cuttings
and make very good container plant subjects. They should be grown
in well-drained humus rich soil and in partial shade. It is important
to not over-water. The plant will thrive in the same container for
several years if fed monthly during the growing season.
This unusual plant is well worth growing as a container plant,
or planted in the forks of tall trees where humus has collected.
- Beckett, K. 1993. Trumpets in winter. The Garden. RHS.118(10): 474-475
- Pooley, E. 1998. A field guide to the wildflowers of Kwazulu-Natal
and the eastern region. Natal Flora Trust.
- Scott-Shaw, R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal
and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu Natal Conservation Service.
Natal National Botanical Garden